Personal Financial Planning – Risk Management Financial Planning

Risk management in financial planning is the systematic approach to the discovery and treatment of risk. The objective is to minimize worry by dealing with the possible losses before they happen.

The process involves:

Step 1: Identification

Step 2: Measurement

Step 3: Method

Step 4: Administration

Risk Identification

The process begins by identifying all potential losses that can cause serious financial problems.

(1) Property Losses – The direct loss that requires replacement or repair and indirect loss that requires additional expenses as a result of the loss.

(For example, the damage of the car incurs repair cost and additional expenses to rent another car while the car is being repaired.)

(2) Liability Losses – It arises from the damage of other’ property or personal injury to others.

(For example, the damage to public property as a result of a car accident.)

(3) Personal Losses – The loss of earning power due to death, disability, sickness or unemployment and the extra expenses incurred as a result of injury or illness.

(For example, the loss of employment due to cancer and the required treatment cost in addition to normal living expenses.)

Risk Measurement

Subsequently, the maximum possible loss (i.e. the severity) associated with the event as well as the probability of occurrence (i.e. the frequency) is quantified.

(1) Property Risk – The replacement cost necessary to replace or repair the damaged asset is estimated by a comparable asset at the current price. Indirect expenses for alternative arrangements like accommodation, food, transport, etc, needs to be taken into account.

(2) Liability Risk – This is considered to be unlimited as it will depend upon the severity of the event and the amount the court awards to the aggrieved party.

(3) Personal Risk – Estimate the present value of the required living expenses and additional expenses per year and computing it over a predetermined number of years at some assumed interest rate and inflation.

Methods Of Treating Risk

A combination of all or several techniques are used together to treat the risk.

(1) Avoidance – The complete elimination of the activity.

This is the most powerful technique, but also the most difficult and may sometimes be impractical. In addition, care must be taken that avoidance of one risk does not create another.

(For example, to avoid the risk associated with flying, never take a flight on the plane.)

(2) Segregation – Separating the risk.

This is a simple technique that involves not putting all your eggs in one basket.

(For example, to avoid both parents dying in a car crash together, travel in separate vehicles.)

(3) Duplication – Have more than one.

This technique requires preparation of additional back up(s).

(For example, to avoid the loss of use of a car, have 2 or more cars.)

(4) Prevention – Forestall the risk from happening.

This technique aims to reduce the frequency of the loss occurring.

(For example, to prevent fires, keep matches away from children.)

(5) Reduction – Minimize the magnitude of loss.

This technique aims to reduce loss severity and can be used before, during or after the loss has occurred.

(For example, to reduce losses as a result of a fire, install smoke detectors, sprinklers and fire extinguishers.)

(6) Retention – Self assumption of risk.

This technique involves retaining the risk consciously or more dangerous as unconsciously to finance one’s own loss.

(For example, having 6 months of income in savings to protect against the risk of unemployment.)

(7) Transfer – Insurance.

This technique transfers the financial consequences to another party.

(This will be covered in more detail as a topic.)

Administration Of Method

The selected methods must be implemented.

And finally to close the loop for the process, new risks must be continually identified and all risks needs to be re-measured when required. Treatment alternatives should also be reviewed.

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How To Ask A Lottery Winner For Money Money

Are you in need of money? Perhaps you just want more money. Either way, you might be considering asking a lottery winner for money. If so, you would probably go about asking in different ways, depending on whether or not you actually know the person.

If You Know The Lottery Winner

Let me tell you a true story about two women. These two women were best friends for many years. For one reason or another, they drifted apart and didn’t see each other for a few years. Then one of the women won the lottery. It was a massive jackpot worth hundreds of millions of dollars. A few years after she won the lottery, she re-connected with her old friend. Within days of re-connecting, the one woman told the jackpot winner that she had $50,000 worth of medical bills that she just couldn’t pay. Read between the lines – She was indirectly asking for money.

The jackpot winner was more than happy to pay the medical bills for her friend. She told her to just give her the bills and she would take care of it. That would have been great, except that there actually were no medical bills. It was just an excuse for a reason to ask for money. The lottery winner didn’t like that. If the friend just straight out asked for the money, she probably would have given it to her. But her friend lied and insulted her intelligence.

What’s the moral of this story? If you have a friend that won the lottery, don’t come up with a false story to try to get some money. Rather, just ask you friend straight out to give you some. They just might do it.

If You Don’t Know The Lottery Winner

If you’re planning to ask a lottery winner that you’ve never met for money, you should know up front that the odds are against you. A lot of lottery winners, especially new ones that win massive jackpots get inundated with requests for money. Often, those requests come via sob stories that tug on the person’s emotions. You should know that these new lottery winners quickly become immune to these requests and tune them out.

So if you’re planning to ask a stranger for money, don’t come up with sad stories. Just like in the previous example, tell the truth and just say that you’d appreciate it if they could spare some money. They’ll more than likely decline your request, but don’t take it the wrong way – Jackpot winners can’t give money to everybody that asks them for it. Just make sure that you don’t harass anybody while asking them for money – That’s illegal.

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Online Forex Trading – A Great Way To Make Money Money

For a long time, little was known about online Forex trading. Mostly wealthier individuals and companies were the only ones investing because large amounts of money are needed to invest in order to actually make a profit. Now, however, many individuals are becoming interested in the online Forex trading market because it is an easy way to make money.

A person can invest a smaller amount of money than larger companies and still make a small profit. They then choose to invest the same amount of money in addition to the profit they just made, and slowly work on building up their money so that they can invest larger sums of money.

In order to trade in the Forex market, one must open up an account for the market, and having a broker is a necessity. There are several articles available online that can help individuals figure out all of the details about how to choose a broker and what they need to consider when opening up an account.

For example, many brokers charge fees. For most, there is a fee for every single trade. This is relatively insignificant when a person is only interested in investing a small sum of money, and then letting it sit for a while. If a person only plans on making a few trades, this probably does not seem important.

On the other hand, many investors like to jump right in, or they wind up making more trades over time, they will need to take this into consideration to make sure that they do not wind up losing money.

The online Forex market is a great way to make money, but it can also be a quick way to lose money as well. If a person makes the wrong trade or does not understand how the market works, they can quickly wind up with almost no money.

This is one of the most important reasons that individuals are encouraged to read as much as they can about this form of investing before taking the steps to open an account. There are several software programs available that are becoming increasingly popular as more individuals are choosing to jump into the market.

These programs help keep an eye on the market, and can then let individuals know when is the best time to make a trade. Most of them include data tools that are used to formulate reports about the market and can help identify market trends. Some even take things a step further by having the option to make a trade for users.

With these programs, the users have to do almost nothing. They simply install the program, set the settings, and then decide whether they are comfortable with the robot making the trades for them. It can really be that simple.

Online Forex trading continues to increase in popularity among the average joe now that the internet allows any person to trade one currency for another. The invention of the internet has opened up this opportunity to allow every individual to enjoy making money through this market, and software programs continue to make it easier than ever before.

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